Shared Language

This list is a compilation of shared terms that regularly occur in our work.

TermDefinitionSource(s)
Co-production of knowledge

“A process that brings together diverse groups to iteratively create new knowledge and practices.”

Jagannathan et al. 2020
Conceptual frameworks

A “system of concepts, assumptions, expectations, beliefs, and theories that supports and informs…research” — and provides a qualitative description of the way knowledge is related and organized across disciplines.

Maxwell 2005, p. 39; Jabareen 2009
Holistic

“Characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole.” We follow a common Indigenous perspective that humans are part of ecological systems and that social and natural systems cannot be logically separated; hence, it is useful to consider socio-ecological systems.

Oxford English Dictionary; Winter et al. 2018
Prediction

Because this project will comprise experts from diverse backgrounds, we use “prediction” in its common sense; “say or estimate that (a specified thing) will happen in the future or will be the consequence of something.” We specify when using the term in the narrower sense of model predictions.

Oxford English Dictionary
Resilience

Capacity of ecological or social systems to reorganize while undergoing change and still retain essentially the same function, structure, identity, and feedbacks.

Berkes and Jolly 2002, Walker et al. 2004
Subsistence

“A highly complex notion that includes vital economic, social, cultural and spiritual dimensions. The harvesting of renewable resources provides Inuit with food, nutrition, clothing, fuel, harvesting equipment and income. Subsistence means much more than mere survival or minimum living standards…It enriches and sustains Inuit communities in a manner that promotes cohesiveness, pride and sharing. It also provides an essential link to, and communication with, the natural world of which Inuit are an integral part.”

ICC 1992
Subsistence economy

An economy that relies on natural resources that is not based on money, in which buying and selling are absent or rudimentary though barter may occur; it is directed at maintaining existence rather than creating a surplus for investment and growth. Wealth in a subsistence economy is determined by an individual or family’s ability to provide for themselves.

Sustainability

Development or other activities which meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Basiago 1995
Synthesis

“The combining of often diverse conceptions into a coherent whole.” Combining observations and concepts from the diverse disciplines of science and the diverse knowledge traditions among Arctic Indigenous Peoples is necessary for informing policy based on a coherent understanding of the Arctic as a whole.

Merriam-Webster